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New book out soon! [10/11/2020]


It's been an immensely educational, intelectually stimulating and -- most importantly -- exciting journey! Yes, my edited collection, Linguistic Perspectives on Sexuality in Education: Representations, Constructions and Negotiations, is in the works and will be published in February 2021. I'm thrilled to have worked on it with crème de la crème of language and sexuality studies scholars who have contributed innovative chapters. If you're interested in the intersection of queer linguistic studies and educational inquiries, this is a must-read for you. Also researchers from other domains of critical inquiry will find this synergy of perspectives and methodologies worthwhile. Last but not least, teachers and educational stakeholders should be able to fish out bits and pieces on how to make schools and universities welcoming spaces for all. 

More details can be found here

The book has been endorsed by Allyson Julé and William Leap: 

“This is a breath of fresh air – a collection of scholars from nine different countries who come together here to focus on sexuality in language education through a linguistic lens. Łukasz Pakuła has done a remarkable job of understanding where the field has been, who has contributed to it, and where it needs to go now. The English language classroom has never been explored like this before. The particular grappling with ‘representations, constructions and negotiations’ gives the language teaching world what it needs: a reckoning with queer identities and the places of intersection with a heteronormative world.” – Allyson Jule, Trinity Western University, Canada

“These papers explore the damages created by curriculum, instruction and educational policy when classroom practice endorses heteronormative, social and linguistic privilege. The papers specify changes in policy and practice that will bring endorsements of gender and sexual diversity(s) into the classroom. This is queer linguistics oriented around social action and social justice. The synergy stemming from the perspectives and methodologies in this collection offers a comprehensive picture of the diversity of research in this emerging field.” – William L. Leap, Florida Atlantic University, USA

Gender and Language Editorial Board membership, [13/02/2020]


The new Editorial Board for Gender and Language is up and running. Among its members, you'll find me as well. I'm honoured, humbled and delighted at the same time to be part of such an amazing community of scholars. 

Approached by Rodrigo Borba with the invitation to become an Editorial Board member, I was more than happy to take on all the responsibilities this role entails and hope to live up to both the editors' and audience's expectations.

If you're thinking of publishing a special issue which takes gender and/or sexuality vis-a-vis language to the fore, this is the place to go! Please do get in touch.    

Lavender Linguistics (Gothenburg) and SLE (Leipzig), [25/08/2019]


Lavender Languages and Linguistics is a must-go for every language and sexuality scholar. For a variety of reasons, annual conference travels might prove untaneable for everyone. Fortunately, papers can be delivered by one of the authors and this is how I "made it" to this academic gathering. Joanna Chojnicka gave a talk on our joint project we've been pursuing for some time now: 

Unpacking Polish teachers' sexuality discourses: Risk and concealment
Chojnicka, Joanna & Pakuła, Łukasz University of Bremen, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań

Moreover, together with Eva Nossem, I organised a panel on queering dictionaries which turned out to be a massive success. Rest assured, we wiill build on in the coming months/years: 

Panel: Queer(ing) Lexicography: Towards truly inclusive dictionary-making?
Organizers: Eva Nossem (Saarland University) and Łukasz Pakuła (Adam Mickiewicz University).

Joanna Chojnicka also delivered the same paper at a different gathering, Societas Linguistica Europaea at the Leipzig University (Germany)as we belive that action research should reach the widest audience possible in order to capture attention and have a real-life impact. Indeed, we were thrilled with the interest our contribution enjoyed and the suggestions for sourcing research parcitipants from different parts of the country. Stay tuned, more amzing research underway!

SLE book of abstracts available here

Lavender Languages and Linguistics books of abstracts available here

3rd Days of Antidiscrimination, Poznań (Poland), [1/04/2019]


2019 has been somewhat quiet in terms of active conference participation -- the three talks I'm poppoing into my CV were delivered by my wonderful collaborator, Joanna Choojnicka, in Gothenburg and Leipzig. It was one of the busiest years at home, yet this by no means entails being stuck in the acadmeic idle mode. I've devoted my time to working on an edited collection which should be out in 2020 (stay tuned!) and on other projects I'm currently involved in. Including the most crucial one for me -- my PhD.

This has left some space for being academically active locally, though. I've been invited to give a keynote talk -- The gender "monster" resides in language: sexuality and language in education ["Potwór gender tkwi w języku: język i seksualnośc w edukacji] during the 3rd Days of Antidiscrimination which took place in Poznań between 1st and 6th April. Abstract of this talk below (Polish only).

Podczas tego wykładu zastanowimy się, jaka jest relacja pomiędzy używanym przez nas językiem a kreowaniem (płynnej) rzeczywistości, w której żyjemy. Zobaczymy jak upolitycznienie pojęć naukowych przynosi nie tylko profity określonym środowiskom politycznym, ale – przede wszystkim – jak wpływa na dalszą marginalizację i ostracyzm danych społeczności. Przyjrzymy się właściwościom języka, który bardzo często mylnie postrzegany jest jako abstrakcyjny, samodzielny byt, który rządzi się sztywnymi prawami uniemożliwiającymi wkluczanie marginalizowanych grup społecznych. Pomimo, iż wykład ten nie będzie z natury naukowy, pod lupę weźmiemy konkretne właściwości języka, które pomogą nam w bardziej świadomy i empatyczny sposób używać go w codziennych interakcjach. Co więcej, perspektywę zawęzimy do kontekstu edukacji (nie tylko językowej), który jest polem kontestacji i zderzania się ideologii, zarówno tych najmniej widocznych, bo hegemonicznych, jak i tych, które są naznaczone poprzez ich niemainstreamowy charakter. Bazując na najnowszych badaniach socjojęzykoznawczych, przeanalizujemy rolę nauczyciela/ki i podręcznika w kształceniu bardziej sprawczych, empatycznych i refleksyjnych pokoleń uczniów i uczennic.

Institute od Education (UCL), London (UK), [16/03/2019]


Oldie but goodie? Time goes by and the British Council report is getting older and older -- but does it follow it's less relevant than it used to be? I dare say not. Below you can have a peek at the talk I gave jointly with Joanna Pawelczyk back in 2015 at the Queering ESOL conferece held at the Institute of Education, University College London. I also wholeheartedly recommend the entire Queering ESOL YouTube Channel. Enjoy! 


BAAL, York (UK), [6-8/09/2018]

files/YORK/Colloquium BAAL York.JPG


2018 is slowly coming to an end. It’s been an extremely intensive, at times even overwhelming time, but a fruitful one at that! Apart from the Vienna conference (see below) I was delighted to be invited to the British Association for Applied Linguistics conference under a bold leitmotif: ‘Taking risks in Applied Linguistics’. The choice of leitmotif testifies to the fact that ALs community makes an attempt at being sensitive to the social developments, not only locally, in the UK, bul also globally, something that definitely surfaced in the conference talks, posters, and videos. The programme of the event, apart from a number of exquisite talks, featured a colloquium I was trusted with the organisation of — 'Befriending the risk(s): exploring sexuality and language in educational sites’.

The colloquium was granted the status of the BAAL executive committee-invited event, which emphasised the significance of sexuality-related issues in ALs research. Four renowned scholars kindly accepted my invitation to participate, these were Mark McGlasham, Jane Sunderland, Mike Baynham, and Helen Sauntson.

Click here for more details on the colloquium itself.

Reviews of our British Council book [07/2018]


Time flies! It's already 3 years since Gender and Sexuality in English Language Education: Focus on Poland came out! As Google Scholar citations might suggest, this publication is receiving more and more attention on the part of the academic community. Fantastic! 

The community itself also did take a critical look at the book-cum-report and decided its worth having it reviewed in two top journals in the field of Language, Gender, and Sexuality. 

Below are excerpts of the two reviews along with links to their full versions. 


Review by Allyson Jule (Trinity Western University, Canada) for Gender and Language

"Pakula, Pawelczyk and Sunderland have given the field of ELT a powerful gift. Chapter 2 in particular should be required reading in all ELT programs, where too few resources exist to help explore the vast research on gender in language learning contexts alongside sexuality in these same classrooms. The reality of sexuality in our everyday lives and in classrooms around the world makes this small book worth the read. As education systems all over struggle with how to handle emerging LGBTQ+ communities, this report is timely. It is also carefully written and thoughtfully considered by three experienced scholars in the field who come with a wealth of insight into classroom life as well as with much knowledge of the emerging sexuality research. At first I thought the book would be only of importance to those teaching English in Poland, but I was quickly freed from this perception. I believe my own teaching and interacting with students, particularly those I teach in teacher educational programs, will be enriched by engaging with the ideas in this book. It is thorough, in-depth and engaging and with such universal appeal. I believe it will take its place on the bookshelves of various scholars and practitioners in the field of language learning and critical dis- course analysis for many years to come."

Review by Helen Sauntson (York St John University, United Kingdom) for Journal of Language and Sexuality

"In sum, I wholeheartedly agree with the authors’ assertion in the introduction that the book will be of practical use to ‘teachers, teacher educators, policy makers, textbook writers and illustrators, publishers, series editors and reviewers’. The book does an impressive job of helping to raise awareness of gender and sexuality- related issues in EFL teaching in Poland. I highly recommend this volume as a valuable addition to the field of language, gender and sexuality in education."

Symposium in Vienna [21-24/03/2018]

Late March 2018, Vienna witnessed yet another symposium on Slavonic linguistics organised by dr Dennis Scheller-Boltz on the stunningly beautiful Wirtschaftsuniversitaet campus, this time with the leitmotif Language Policies in the Light of Anti-Discrimination and Political Correctness: Tendencies and Changes in the Slavonic Languages. This event can be inscribed in the somewhat recent trend of destabilising the focus on merely Western contexts, a niche which had been waiting to be filled for some time. 

This event was special to me as it featured my first ever keynote address. Read on... 


Lavender Languages & Linguistics 24 in Nottingham [28-30/04/2017]

files/Lav Langs and BAAL/rainbow flag and nottingham uni.jpg

Organised for the very first time outside Washington DC, Lavender Linguistics and Languages 24th Conference, gathered a multitude of researchers from numerous disciplines at the beauttiful Nottingham University campus (UK). No matter how divergent aproaches the scholars represented, they were united in their research interest, i.e. exploring interesections between language and sexualities. It was an instructive as well as a chalenging experience. The former as getting to know the most recend trends in research is every scholar's unwritten duty, the latter as being immersed in unfamiliar methodologies requires extreme open-mindedness. For what it's worth, it was a genuine intellectual feast. Read more... 


10th BAAL LGaS SIG event: Language, Discrimination and Conflict [27/04/2017]

Łukasz Pakuła and Rosamund Moon

Nottingham University stood out on the map of sociolinguistic events in April 2017. Not only did it host the unique confernece on nonheteronormativities and language, but it also was the veue of the 10th British Association of Applied Linguistics Language, Gender and Sexuality Special Interest Group event. This time the the leitmotif was Language, Discrimination and Conflict, a most timely and needed contribution to linguistic debates on inclusion and diversity. Among the incredibly dense and packed talk schedule, I managed to come across Rosamund Moon and have a chat with her. It was an honour and delight as Rosamund is one of the people because of whom I became interested in critical metalexicography research.   

Below are Rosamund's two articles which I've found particularly useful in my work on gender and sexuality representations and constructions in dictionaires. 

Moon, R., 1989. Objective or objectionable? Ideological aspects of dictionaries. English Language Research: Language and Ideology 59–94.

Moon, R., 2014. Meaning, ideologies, and learners’ dictionaries, in: Abel, A., Vettori, C., Ralli, N. (Eds.), Proceedings of the XVI EURALEX International Congress: The User in Focus. 15-19 July 2014. EURAC Research, Bolzano/Bozen, pp. 85–105.

Panel on Gender and Sexuality and Education @ IGALA9 in Hong Kong [05/07/2016]

In May 2016, together with experts in their respective fields I had the pleasure of organising and convening a panel 'Education vis-à-vis language, gender, and sexuality research: Global issues, local solutions?' during the 9th International Gender and Language Association Conference held in Hong Kong. Read more here...  


The ideology of gender: Polish struggles [20/02/2016]


Grandfather sitting in an armchair. Smoking a pipe. The rest of the family scattered around the room. It’s 2014 and compilation of the first state-funded Primary School primer is in progress. This illustration undergoes alterations due to the intervention of an editorial member who deals with equality issues in this textbook. As a result the grandfather gets up from the armchair, loses his pipe, gets equipped with a watering can instead, and starts looking after plants. There’s also another man in the room – his adult son. This seemingly subtle change, however, then resulted in harsh criticism on part of some religious and conservative communities. They accused the editors of introducing ambivalent representations by allowing a same-sex romantic interpretation of the relationship between the two characters (Chmura-Rutkowska, 2015. Some organisations launched open petitions to the author of the primer not to ‘surrender’ to the new ‘ideologies’ whose aim is to ensure gender equality... 

Continue reading about 'the ideology of gender'... 

Gender and Sexuality in English Language Education -- our book's out! [5/10/2015]

Report on pioneering research into the constructions of gender and sexuality in English language education, with a focus on Poland, is out now. I do hope that the huge effort we put in the study itself and the book will pay off by having real-life impact, i.e. making teachers, publishers, and Ministry of Education advisors more aware of diversity issues in the context of EFL and education in general.
Report Cover

Below is a back cover blurb from Gender and Sexuality in English Language Education: Focus on Poland.

"With a focus on Poland, Łukasz Pakuła, Joanna Pawelczyk and Jane Sunderland empirically explore gender and sexuality in relation to classroom interaction and textbooks in the primary and secondary English language classroom. Based on data from a range of classrooms, the book shows how gender stereotyping in textbooks has not disappeared, that heterosexuality is the only sexuality in evidence and that heteronormativity is salient. Importantly, though, through teacher- and student-talk and classroom interaction generally, these representations can be and are negotiated and challenged. The book also offers practical suggestions for teachers, educators and publishers to make the English language classroom a truly inclusive social space."

The book is a free-access publication and can be downloaded here (or by clicking on the cover image above).

Supplementary material is being prepared at the moment, it will include brochures with extracts from the research as well as recommendations for diversity-inclusive policies and practices. Both Polish and English versions will be made available. 


New book on gender and Education! [12/09/2015]

Gender Representation in Learning Materials: International Perspectives edited by Abolaji S. Mustapha, Sara Mills is out now! 

Among many fascinating articles, the book also features a chapter I co-authored: 

"Constructing Gender and Sexuality in the EFL Classroom in Poland: Textbook Construction and Classroom Negotiation?"





British Council report out soon! [15/08/2015]


Together with other members of the project team, we haven’t been idle for the past two years! Lots of presentations some papers and — most importantly — the report that we’ve just submitted to the fabulous British Council. You can learn more about our research project by going to IGaS in EFL. Also, please watch this space for more praxis-related publications. 


Łukasz Pakuła, Joanna Pawelczyk and Jane Sunderland. 2015. Gender and Sexuality in English Language Education: Focus on Poland. London: British Council.


Other publications include: 



Pawelczyk Joanna, Łukasz Pakuła, Jane Sunderland. 2014. "Issues of power in relation to gender and sexuality in the EFL classroom - An overview", Journal of Gender and Power 1 (1): 49-66The article can be downloaded here

Book chapters:

Pawelczyk, Joanna and Pakuła, Łukasz. 2015. ‘Constructing gender and sexuality in the EFL classroom in Poland: Textbook construction and classroom negotiation?’, in Mustapha, Abolaji Samuel and Mills, Sara (eds), Gender Representations in Learning Materials: International Perspectives. London: Routledge, 193 - 211.



seksizm w Polskiej szkole, gender w podręcznikach, homofobia w szkole, heteronormatywność, homoseksualny uczeń, gej i lesbijka w szkole, ukryty program nauczania, sexism in the Polish school, gender in textbooks, seksualność w podręcznikach, niewidoczni geje, niewidoczne lesbijki, heteronormativity, sexuality in EFL, equality in education, edukacja równościowa,  gender and sexuality in Poland, gender in Poland, sexuality in Poland, 




Home page


Hi, thanks for dropping by. I'm a linguist working in the field of sociolinguistics and lexicography with the focus on how gender and sexuality are manifested in the language we use in our everyday lives. Apart from information on my qualifications and academic activity, this site provides some links to resources of interest to those with similar research pursuits. 

The horizontal bar will navigate you through information concerning my education, professional interests and activities and on how to get in touch with me. The vertical one, in turn, contains links to my professional profiles on other web sites, the conference I've been involved in the organisation of for a number of years now as well as the Reearch Group I'm a member of at the Faculty where I work and study.

In 2009 I initiated and co-organised a series of conferences for young researchers in interdisciplinary linguistics - Young Linguists' Meeting in Poznań. The conference has been organised under the auspices of the Faculty of English at Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań. Below is a promo video of the endeavour: 




Thanks for your interest in my work,


lukasz pakula, Łukasz Pakuła, Łukasz Piotr Pakuła